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Titian

1487?-1576

PORTRAIT OF A MAN IN A RED CAP


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Tiziano Vecellio da Cadore whom we know as Titian (TISH an) was born in the Alpine district of Italy. His birthdate has been set as early as 1477 and as late as 1495. We are really not sure when he was born. The Vecelli family was noble, but not wealthy. His father's name was Gregorio, his mother was Lucia, his brother was Francesco and his sister's name was Orsa. He studied with the famous painters Giovanni Bellini (je o VAHN neh bel Lee nee) and his brother Gentile Bellini(jen TEE lay bel LEE nee) and also with Giorgione (johr JYOHN ay).

He married a woman named Cecilia in 1525 and they had four children, but only three of them survived, his sons Pomponio and Orazio and his daughter Lavinia. Cecilia died when the last child Lavinia was born. Titian's sister came to help him with the family.

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Livinia His Daughter
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He became most famous for the portraits he painted. He had some important friends who helped him. He was honored by Emperor Charles V (the Fifth) who named him Count Palatine of the empire and a knight of the Golden Spur. These were great honors for him to have. The Emperor gave him a beautiful gold chain. Titian was so proud of it he wore it when he painted portraits of himself. He painted a picture of the Emperor on horseback as well as the Emperor's coronation and other portraits of him. Sometimes the ruler even asked him to include family pets in the pictures. Even when Titian was the court painter, he was still able to live in his beloved Venice.

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Emperor Charles V on Horseback (detail)
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When painting the face of the person, he would paint it just as he saw it. He then would use milder colors and soften the facial features. People were quite pleased with the results because the pictures were flattering.

Titian used different size brushes. In his early works he used smaller brushes and included much fine detail. In some of his later works the brush was so big that one person described it as a "broom". He not only used brushes but developed a technique during the last 20 years of his life where he used his fingers and pieces of rag to apply the paint.

Pope Paul III painted by Titian was the pope responsible for excommunicating Henry VIII of England from the Roman Catholic Church when he divorced his wife.

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Pope Paul III, Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
and Duke Ottavio Farnese
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Titian painted a very large altarpiece called Assumption of the Virgin in the Basilica of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari in Venice. If you travel to Venice today you can still see it there.

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Assumption of the Virgin
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After painting the altarpiece he was in great demand. People commissioned him to paint their portraits. He became a wealthy man and invited other artists to visit him in his home in Venice.

The painting of the trial of Jesus is called Ecce Homo, a Latin term which means "Behold the man". These were the words spoken by Pilate as recorded in John 19 when he presents a scourged Jesus Christ, bound and crowned with thorns.

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Ecce Homo
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The painting of John the Baptist presents an image resembling "a reed shaken in the wind" rather than the fiery prophet portrayed in Matthew 3. Jesus is represented by the cross and the lamb.

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John the Baptist
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Oil paint first began to be used for making pictures during this time, and Titian became a master at using it to the best advantage. In addition to many portraits and religious scenes he painted in his later years mythological characters.

Canvas and board were expensive and sometimes painters would reuse a canvas by painting over a picture they had already completed. X-ray has revealed some of this repainting in some of Titian's work.

Titian died of the plague in 1576. He was somewhere in his 80's or 90's. Ordinarily if someone died of the plague they could not be buried in the church, but they made an exception for this great man and buried him in the Church of the Frari where two of his famous paintings hung; the Assumption of Mary and his altarpiece Pesaro Madonna.

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This biography was written by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher.

References:

Kostner, Thomas, and Lars Roper. 50 Artists You Should Know. New York: Prestel, 2006.
Order

Wilder, Jesse Bryant. Art History for Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007.
Order

Gerlings, Charlotte. 100 Great Artists, New York: Gramercy Books, 2006.
Order

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View a slideshow about Titian

Art Gallery Famous Paintings Volume 1

Art Gallery Famous Paintings Volume 2

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Research Links

Paintings by Titian
at CGFA

Biography of Titian

"The Supper at Emmaus"

Titian

Man With a Glove
King Francis

Information about Titian
at Humanities Web

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Library

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Order the following books from Amazon.

Titian
by Richard Ford Heath 1885 (full view)

Titian: a collection of fifteen pictures and a portrait of the painter
by Estelle May Hurll 1901 (full view)

Pictures That Every Child Should Know
by Mary Schell Hoke Bacon 1908 (full view) Order here

The Earlier Works of Titian
by Claude Phillips 1897 (full view)

The Later Works of Titian
by Claude Phillips 1898 (full view)

Credits and Solutions

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Page Comments
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2010-11-24
If you want some information on his family, it may be of interest to you to know that the Vecelli family was noble, but not wealthy. His father's name was Gregorio, his mother was Lucia, his brother was Francesco and his sister's name was Orsa. Thought you might want to know this because there is not alot of information on the Vecellio (or Vecelli) family. Hope this helps! :)
Someone who Knows alot about Titian
2010-11-24
Thank You, this was very helpful! The only thing I noticed is that you mentioned he had ffour children. This is true, but one of his daughters did not survive, leaving his sons Pomponio and Orazio, and his daughter Lavinia.
The correction has been made. Thanks
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