APPLES AND ORANGES
by Paul Cezanne
1839-1906


Apples and Oranges by Cezanne

Enlarged view




Paul Cezanne (say ZAN) was born in France. His father was a wealthy banker and he wanted his son to become a banker. He did not approve of Cezanne's plan to become an artist, but he went on to Paris anyway. After a while, his father sent him a small allowance on which to live.

When he got to Paris, his paintings were so rough that none of the official art schools would admit him as a student. At first his paintings were done in dark colors, but Pissarro, another painter, encouraged him to paint out in the sunlight, and his paintings came alive with bright colors.

He was an Impressionist, but his paintings did not have the light airy look of many Impressionists. Instead of putting flecks of paint on the canvas he put slabs of color. His pictures were solid in appearance.

Cezanne was a versatile artist. He painted many different subjects in multiple styles. Sometimes he painted the same subject over and over again. Look at the examples below. The first picture is a group portrait. He also painted individual portraits of men and women. The second picture is a still life with flowers. In other pictures he used arrangements of fruit and common objects. The third picture is a landscape. He also painted seascapes.

Card Players by Cezanne

Card Players

Enlarged view

Still Life, The Blue Vase by Cezanne

Still Life, The Blue Vase

Enlarged view

Horse-chestnut-trees in Jas de Bouffan by Cezanne

Horse-chestnut-trees in Jas de Bouffan

Enlarged view

Cezanne considered shapes to be the basic forms; the sphere, cone, and cylinder. Look at the painting, Apples and Oranges at the top of this page and find these shapes in the fruit, the pitcher, and the bowl. Learn more about the painting.



He painted Mont Sainte-Victoire many times in the late 1800's and early 1900's. The picture shown here shows a street in front of the Sainte-Victoire mountain. You can see others at Web Museum, Paris. Some of the pictures feature the mountain itself and others only have it in the background.

Mont Sainte-Victoire by Cezanne

Mont Sainte-Victoire

Enlarged view

He did not like to be with other people and isolated himself, even from his friends. When he was 47 years old, his father died and he inherited his father's wealth.

He complained that he could not paint pictures of people properly, and in fact his still lifes; pictures of objects in settings, became his best works.

Cezanne had a friend, Emile Zola, who had been his friend since they were children. Zola was a writer and wrote a novel about an artist who was a failure. Cezanne was not very well known at that time and he thought Zola had used him as a basis for his main character. Whether this was the case or not, he ended the friendship with Emile and the incident would affect the rest of his life.

He was not very successful until in 1895 when Vollard, an art dealer in Paris, exhibited his works and he began to enjoy the success for which he had longed.

Cezanne self-portrait 1875

Paul Cezanne self-portrait 1875

References:

Cunningham, Antonia. Impressionists, Bath: Parragon Publishing Book, 2000.
Order

Kostner, Thomas, and Lars Roper.50 Artists You Should Know. New York: Prestel, 2006.
Order

Wilder, Jesse Bryant. Art History for Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007.
Order





Work a Jigsaw Puzzle

Online Crossword Puzzle

Online Word Search

Online Word Scramble

Color Picture Online

Memory Puzzle

Online "Who is the Artist?"

Online Multiple-Choice Test

PRINTABLES

Print this webpage

Worksheet

Alphabetical Order

Cezanne Crossword Puzzle

Cezanne Word Search

Cezanne - Word Scramble

Picture of Apples and Oranges to print and color.

Print Multiple-Choice Test



RESEARCH LINKS


Story about the painting

Information about Cezanne
at Humanities Web

Still Life Fruit Salad
art lesson - 6th grade and up

Art History
online interactive art lesson - elementary





26351X: Getting to Know the World"s Greatest Artists: Paul Cezanne Getting to Know the World's Greatest Artists: Paul Cezanne
By Grolier Publishing Company

A LIBRARY OF
ONLINE BOOKS and BOOK PREVIEWS


Preview these Amazon books using the links below.

Cezanne and the Apple Boy
by Laurence Anholt (selected pages)

Early Childhood Themes Using Art Masterpieces
by Sandra E. Fisher (selected pages)

Impressionist Art Masterpieces to Color
by Marty Noble (no preview)

Art History for Dummies
by Jesse Bryant Wilder (selected pages)





Page Comments

Most Recent Comments   ( See more comments on this page )
2010-11-09
I think you need to add more info on how he designed his painting's e.g. apples and oranges please Its for school and lets just say I'm not the best at revising . x
Kirstin McDonald

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Famous Artists and Biographies in this Series

Index to Famous Paintings & Art Appreciation for Kids

Index to Biographies of Famous People

Reference citations information for these biographies

Famous Artists

Bierstadt

Boughton

Bruegel

Cassatt

Cavallino

Cezanne

Cranach

Curry
Durer
Van Dyck
Van Eyck
De Flandes
Fragonard
Gainsborough
Gauguin
Van Gogh
Goya
Hicks
Holbein
Homer
de Hooch
Hopper
Huguet
Jakuchu
Leutze
Limbourg
Michelangelo
Millet
Monet
Moses
O'Keeffe
Raphael
Rembrandt
Remington
Renoir
Reynolds
Rivera
Rockwell
Rousseau
Rubens
Seurat
Titian
Valazquez
Vermeer
Da Vinci
Whistler
Wyeth
Yani

Presidents of
the United States
George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe Andrew Jackson
  Martin Van Buren Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower
  John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan Barack Obama Calvin Coolidge
American Patriots Benjamin Franklin Francis Scott Key Deborah Sampson Molly Pitcher
World Leaders Constantine Alexander the Great Winston Churchill Margaret Thatcher
Inventors Alexander Graham Bell Johann Gutenberg Cyrus McCormick The Wright Brothers Henry Ford Thomas A. Edison
  Sequoyah Nikola Tesla Michael Faraday Dean Kamen Jack Kilby Leonardo Da Vinci
  Donald O'Neal
Explorers Christopher Columbus Meriwether Lewis Robert Peary John Muir Matthew Henson Sir Edmund Hillary
  Kit Carson Johnny Appleseed Daniel Boone
Women who made
a difference
Clara Barton Helen Keller Florence Nightingale Joan of Arc Amelia Earhart Annie Oakley
  Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Keckly Harriet Tubman Anne Frank Eleanor Roosevelt Madam C.J. Walker
  Sadako Sasaki Henrietta Lacks        
Scientists George Washington Carver Sir Isaac Newton Marie Curie Louis Pasteur Albert Einstein Galileo
  Lise Meitner Norman Borlaug Benjamin Banneker
Educators Noah Webster Booker T. Washington Aristotle Mary McLeod Bethune
Physicians Hippocrates Walter Reed Albert Schweitzer
Religious Leaders George Muller Increase Mather
Athletes Lou Gehrig Wilma Rudolph Tiger Woods Michael Phelps
Civil Rights
Leaders
Martin Luther King Rosa Parks Sojourner Truth Frederick Douglass Mary Ann Shadd Cary James Forten
  Gandhi César Chávez William Wilberforce Nelson Mandela
Composers Beethoven Mozart
Authors Laura Ingalls Wilder Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) Ernest Hemingway Greg Mortenson Phillis Wheatley
Artists John James Audubon Gutzon Borglum Ansel Adams Dale Chihuly Van Gogh Michelangelo
  Rembrandt Grandma Moses Cassatt Renoir Cezanne Rockwell

Art Gallery Famous Paintings Volume 1

Art Gallery Famous Paintings Volume 2

Biographies for Kids - Famous Leaders for Young Readers

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