Jesus was teaching in the region of Caesarea Philippi . This was one of the most beautiful places in the country with trees, flowers, and sparkling streams of water. On this particular day, as he frequently did, he went off by himself to pray.
His disciples found him and he asked them, "Who do men say that I am?"
Simon Peter said, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." How could Peter be so sure about this? Jesus gives us the answer.
He called Peter's name, Simon Bar-Jonah, or Simon son of Jonah. Jesus said the fact that Peter knew who he was, had come as a divine revelation. God Himself had told Peter.
Jesus told Peter that He was going to build His church, and no force of Satan would ever be able to overcome it. His people would be triumphant and win over evil.
Peter was going to have the "keys" of the kingdom.
Jesus told Peter, "Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."
Then Jesus told them that they must keep his true identity a secret for a while longer. He would have to suffer and die and be raised again.
Peter didn't want to even think about Jesus dying, and one day he said to him, "Lord, this shall not happen to You!"
But Jesus knew that Satan was trying to harm Him through the words of Peter, and He said to Peter, "Get behind Me, Satan."