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John Adams

Second President of the United States
Born in 1735 - Died July 4, 1826


John Adams<BR>
John Adams was born in Massachusetts, the son of a farmer. He enjoyed farming and hunting while he was growing up.

His father taught him to read when he was very young, then he attended school and entered Harvard on a scholarship when he was fifteen years old and graduated when he was twenty. Harvard at that time consisted of four buildings and a faculty of twelve. While he was in college he began to keep a diary. It was very small, about the size of your hand. His handwriting was so tiny you would need a magnifying glass to read the words.

After graduation he became a schoolmaster. Sometimes he would select a bright student to teach the class, and he would sit back and read or write. He soon tired of teaching and decided to start studying to become a lawyer.

When he was twenty-eight he married Abigail Smith, who was his third cousin. She was nineteen years old. They had a long and successful marriage. They had four children. One of their sons, John Quincy Adams, would later become President. Abigail was the first First Lady to live in the White House.

picture2
Abigail Adams

John suffered from ill health and at one point moved from Boston back to Braintree (Quincy), Masssachusetts, his birthplace. He then began to commute* to work and spent the rest of his time in the country with his family. What a commute it was! Just think how difficult it would be to ride 400 miles on horseback in the middle of winter. Abigail was left at home to take care of things. The couple was separated a total of about ten years while he served his country.

At one time when he was a lawyer, he defended the British soldiers who were put on trial after what was called the Boston Massacre. Some citizens had been killed when the soldiers fired into the crowd. No other lawyer would defend them, but John thought they should have a defender. He risked his career to do it, but it didn't seem to hurt his reputation.*

John Adams accomplished a lot. He served in the Continental Congress. He nominated* George Washington to become commander-in-chief of the Army. He also was the one who chose Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence. Significantly, he also got Congress to vote for the Declaration. He was very influential* in the early days of America.

John Adams was a brave person. When he was asked to go to France to enlist their support for the Revolution, he accepted the challenge. He and his 10-year-old son, John Quincy, braved the ocean on the ship "Boston" in the dead of winter. During the voyage they encounted a hurricane, an enemy ship which engaged them in a battle, and a period of calm waters where the ship could not move. They finally made it, and father and son remained in France for about a year.

John Adams served as vice-president to George Washington. During this time he got the Dutch* government to provide large sums of money to finance the Revolution. He wished to be remembered for this act above his other accomplishments.

He served one term as President, then went home to Quincy and remained there for twenty-five years until his death. During this time his wife and his daughter both died.

John Adams taught himself French during the times he was sailing across the Atlantic.

John Adams and Thomas Jefferson had become rivals and his friend became his enemy. John made the first move to reconcile,* and they became friends again. They wrote letters to each other until their deaths which curiously occurred on the same day, July 4, 1826. John Adams was ninety-one years old.

This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2007.

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Activities

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Dictionary

From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

commute
Pronunciation: kə-'myoot
Function: verb
to travel back and forth regularly

reputation
Pronunciation: rep-yə-'tA-shən
Function: noun
overall quality or character as seen or judged by people in general

nominate
Pronunciation: 'nahm-ə-'nAt
Function: verb
to choose as a candidate for election, appointment, or honor;
especially : to propose for office

influential
Pronunciation: in-floo-'en-chəl
Function: adjective
having influence

Dutch
Pronunciation: 'dəch
Function: adjective
of or relating to the Netherlands,
its inhabitants, or their language

reconcile
Pronunciation: 'rek-ən-sIl
Function: verb
to make friendly again


Research Links

A Man Worth Knowing
Lecture by David McCullough at
Hillsdale College May 2006

John Adams
Ducksters.com

John and Abilgail Adams
transcript of the film at PBS

John Adams
from Whitehouse.gov

John Adams
facts from American President.org

POTUS John Adams

Information about John Adams
(Look in the box top left) at Humanities Web

Adams Family Papers
autobiography, diary, letters, etc.

President John Adams
from Wikipedia

John Adams Lesson Plan
Lesson Snips.com
(You must register to access lessons.)

Biography of John Adams

The Works of John Adams
online book

Letters of Mrs. Adams
online book of letters written by John Adams' wife

The First English Settlements
video lesson
(Click on the topics "Interactive Media Files",
be sure volume is turned up.)

The Papers of John Adams
from Yale Law School

John Adams
facts and links from Answers.com


Videos



Books
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Library

A LIBRARY OF
ONLINE BOOKS and BOOK PREVIEWS


Order the following books from Amazon.

How to draw the life and times of John Adams
by Ryan P. Randolph (selected pages) Order here

John Adams America's Second President
by Carole Marsh (selected pages) Order here

John Adams Speaks for Freedom (Ready to Read Level 3)
by Deborah Hopkinson, Craig Orback (selected pages) Order here

John Adams: A Photo-illustrated Biography
by Muriel L. Dubois (selected pages) Order here

John Adams: Patriot, Diplomat, and Statesman
by Miriam Gross (selected pages) Order here

The Revolutionary John Adams
by Cheryl Harness (selected pages) Order here

Abigail Adams:Girl of Colonial Days
by Jean Brown Wagoner (selected pages) Order here

John Adams
by David McCullough (selected pages)

John Adams, History Maker Bios
by Jane Sutcliffe (selected pages)

John Adams Our Second President
by Sneed B. Collard (selected pages)

John Adams, Presidential Leaders
by Carol H. Behrman (selected pages)

John Adams, Young Revolutionary
by Jan Adkins, Meryl Henderson (selected pages)

Profiles of the Presidents, John Adams
by Andrew Santella (selected pages)

John Adams, 2nd President of the United States
by Heidi M. D. Elston (selected pages)

John Adams, Presidents and Their Times
by Wil Mara (selected pages)

Credits and Solutions

* Word Scramble Solution

* Word Match Solution

Picture courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Abigail Adams image courtesy of unforth at Flickr.

Puzzles on these pages courtesy of
Songs of Praise and Armored Penguin

Page Comments
Most Recent Comments
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2013-02-26
It would be nice if here was a Samuel Adams link.
2012-02-06
I didn't find this very helpful in a project I'm doing. It need more information. Good effort though!
2011-10-24
good info. every time in history we get a paper and we have to come to this website .
Raven.S
2011-06-26
What?! Jefferson and Adams died on the same day, which just happens to be the anniversary of our country, by means of a document which not only did they both sign, but Jefferson was the writer of and Adams got him to write it! Wow, death is sad but that's just weird lol
NoWay
2011-04-04
needs more information
Jahyra
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