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Alexander the Great

Born 356 B.C. - Died 323 B.C.


Alexander the Great<BR>
Alexander the Great was the son of a Macedonian general named Philip. His mother was Olympias. She told Alexander he was the son of a Greek god, and he seemed to think of himself as divine.

He was a pupil of Aristotle , one of the foremost philosophers* of his time. He studied literature and learned to play the lyre.* He was fearless and strong as a young man.

When he was 12 years old he saw a fine horse he wanted. No one had been able to ride the horse. He offered a wager to his father. If Alexander was able to ride the horse, his father would get it for him. If he failed, he would pay for the horse himself. He determined the horse was terrified of his shadow and that's why he wouldn't let anyone near. He turned the horse so he was facing the sun. In this way he could not see his shadow. He got on the horse and was able to ride him.

His father bought the horse and Alexander named him Bucephalus (bue SEF uh lus). His father said to him, "You must find a kingdom worthy of you, my son. Macedon is too small for you."

He later built a city and named it after his horse, the city of Bucephala.

Alexander became one of the greatest generals in history. When he conquered the Persians he honored their soldiers and commander who had died in battle. When he had won a battle, he combined the remaining soldiers of the enemy with his army to form a greater army. He usually did not allow his soldiers to mistreat the conquered people.

He suffered along with his soldiers when they were at war. If they didn't have water or food, he would not accept food or drink either. When the soldiers were walking, he walked also and refused to ride or be carried. He set an example for his troops.

Once he was trying to capture a city which was on an island in the Mediterranean Sea. It was near the land, so he decided to build a bridge to it. His soldiers put down trees, reeds, and rocks and they began to build a peninsula* out to the island. The people of Tyre did everything they could to stop the soldiers, but in seven months Alexander's troops had built a bridge to the island and with the help of a naval fleet conquered the city.

During his life he conquered the then-known world. He controlled Greece, captured Persia and Egypt and built a city in Egypt. He named it for himself, the city of Alexandria. He was the king of Macedonia and a pharoah in Egypt.

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He was only 33 years old when he died. Some say he was poisoned. It is just as likely that this great general was defeated by a mosquito because others believe he died of malaria.*



This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2003.

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Dictionary

From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

philosopher
Pronunciation: fə 'los ə fər
Function: noun
a person who studies philosophy

philosophy
Pronunciation: 'fə 'los ə fee
Function: noun
1 : the study of the basic ideas about knowledge, truth, right and wrong, God, and the nature and meaning of life
2 : the philosophical teachings or principles of a person or group as Greek philosophy today....

peninsula
Pronunciation: pə 'nin chə lə
Function: noun
: a piece of land nearly surrounded by water or sticking out into the water
[from Latin paeninsula "peninsula", from paene- "almost" and insula "island" -
See Landforms from Enchanted Learning

malaria
Pronunciation: 'mə 'ler E ə
Function: noun
: a disease caused by protozoan parasites in the red blood cells, passed from one individual to another by the bite of mosquitoes, and marked by periodic attacks of chills and fever

lyre
Pronunciation: 'lie (ə) r
Function: noun
a small harp held in the hands for playing


Research Links

Map of the Empire of Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great
history lesson plan from Discovery.com

World History Ancient Civilizations
Video

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great
by Plutarch

Alexander the Great Timeline

Alexander the Great
at Buzzle.com

Alexandria (audio)
Engines of Our Ingenuity.

Ancient Greece Lesson Plan
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The Story of Alexander the Great
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Order the following books from Amazon.

The Story of Alexander the Great
by Robert Steele (public domain, 1894, full view)
(Click on the "+" sign to make the print larger.)

Alexander the Great: Ancient King and Conqueror
by Katie Marsico (selected pages)

Alexander the Great: The Life of a King and Conqueror
by Rob Shone, Anita Ganeri, Chris Odgers (selected pages)

Alexander the Great: World Conqueror
by Michael Burgan (selected pages)

Sterling Point Books: Alexander the Great
by John Gunther (selected pages)

The Conquests of Alexander the Great
by Alison Behnke (selected pages)

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Page Comments
Most Recent Comments
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2013-05-02
alexander is really a great person
bOb
2012-12-17
Uhm, I have a really major question and I need a reply but I was looking for what types of landforms the Empire had and I couldn't find any results online to help me with it! Are there even really landoforms in Alexander's Empire???
Leah
2012-10-16
great
2009-05-11
THIS IS WHAT I NEED FOR MY PROGECT DO YOU KNOW HOW HE LOOKS PLEASE SEND ME SOME WEPONS
GRANT
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