Born 356 B.C. - Died 323 B.C.

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was the son of a Macedonian general named Philip. His mother was Olympias. She told Alexander he was the son of a Greek god, and he seemed to think of himself as divine.

He was a pupil of Aristotle , one of the foremost philosophers* of his time. He studied literature and learned to play the lyre* . He was fearless and strong as a young man.

When he was 12 years old he saw a fine horse he wanted. No one had been able to ride the horse. He offered a wager to his father. If Alexander was able to ride the horse, his father would get it for him. If he failed, he would pay for the horse himself. He determined the horse was terrified of his shadow and that's why he wouldn't let anyone near. He turned the horse so he was facing the sun. In this way he could not see his shadow. He got on the horse and was able to ride him.

His father bought the horse and Alexander named him Bucephalus (bue SEF uh lus). His father said to him, "You must find a kingdom worthy of you, my son. Macedon is too small for you."

He later built a city and named it after his horse, the city of Bucephala.

Alexander became one of the greatest generals in history. When he conquered the Persians he honored their soldiers and commander who had died in battle. When he had won a battle, he combined the remaining soldiers of the enemy with his army to form a greater army. He usually did not allow his soldiers to mistreat the conquered people.

He suffered along with his soldiers when they were at war. If they didn't have water or food, he would not accept food or drink either. When the soldiers were walking, he walked also and refused to ride or be carried. He set an example for his troops.

Once he was trying to capture a city which was on an island in the Mediterranean Sea. It was near the land, so he decided to build a bridge to it. His soldiers put down trees, reeds, and rocks and they began to build a peninsula* out to the island. The people of Tyre did everything they could to stop the soldiers, but in seven months Alexander's troops had built a bridge to the island and with the help of a naval fleet conquered the city.

Alexander the Great page 71-74

Alexander's Empire

During his life he conquered the then-known world. He controlled Greece, captured Persia and Egypt and built a city in Egypt. He named it for himself, the city of Alexandria. He was the king of Macedonia and a pharoah in Egypt.

He was only 33 years old when he died. Some say he was poisoned. It is just as likely that this great general was defeated by a mosquito because others believe he died of malaria* .

This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2003.

Belorussian translation of Alexander the Great biography

Ukrainian translation of Alexander the Great

Russian language translation by Jim Jerginson.

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From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

Pronunciation: fə 'los ə fər
Function: noun
a person who studies philosophy

Pronunciation: 'fə 'los ə fee
Function: noun
1 : the study of the basic ideas about knowledge, truth, right and wrong, God, and the nature and meaning of life
2 : the philosophical teachings or principles of a person or group today....

Pronunciation: pə 'nin chə lə
Function: noun
: a piece of land nearly surrounded by water or sticking out into the water
[from Latin paeninsula "peninsula", from paene- "almost" and insula "island" -
See Landforms from Enchanted Learning

Pronunciation: 'mə 'ler E ə
Function: noun
: a disease caused by protozoan parasites in the red blood cells, passed from one individual to another by the bite of mosquitoes, and marked by periodic attacks of chills and fever

Pronunciation: 'lie (ə) r
Function: noun
a small harp held in the hands for playing

437076: Alexander The Great Alexander The Great
By Peggy Pancella / Heinemann Raintree School

Learn about Alexander the Great; where and when he lived, and why he is famous. Read about his family, childhood, friends, rivals, and enemies. Explore his achievements and discover how we know about them. Boxes throughout the book give interesting insights into daily life - for those in power and for ordinary people as well. The boxes focus on clothes, food, buildings, toys, technology, and religion.Recommended for ages 8 to 12.

22792: Ancient Greece, Thematic Unit Ancient Greece, Thematic Unit
By Teacher Created Resources

Thematic Units from Teacher Created Materials are literature based, cross-curricular, and ready to use. They provide activities, many of them hands-on, for all areas of the curriculum, including math, science, language arts, social studies, physical education, art, and music. Each book offers two or more literature-based units and lesson plans plus cross-curricular activities and worksheets, a culminating activity, management ideas, and a bibliography. Complete and comprehensive, these reproducible units are designed with student interest and teacher usability in mind. The planning is complete. The book used in "Ancient Greece" (that will need to be purchased or borrowed) is: "Ancient Greece" by Anne Pearson There are also several anthologies which contain the myths studied in this unit.

44320X: Greek Heroes: Imitation In Writing Greek Heroes: Imitation In Writing
By Matt Whitling / Logos School

Quintillian would be proud to see your students learning the structure and style of good writing through imitation while they study Greek mythology. This Greek Heroes text is the fourth book in a growing series of Imitation in Writing materials designed to teach aspiring writers the art and discipline of crafting delightful prose and poetry. The text includes a short background of imitation as a means of teaching writing, instructions, grading guidelines, twenty-five myths about Greek Heroes formatted for imitation, and a glossary of Greek gods and terms. Fourth grade and up.


The Story of Alexander the Great
by Robert Steele (public domain, 1894, full view)
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Preview these Amazon books using the links below.

Alexander the Great: Ancient King and Conqueror
by Katie Marsico (selected pages)

Alexander the Great: The Life of a King and Conqueror
by Rob Shone, Anita Ganeri, Chris Odgers (selected pages)

Alexander the Great: World Conqueror
by Michael Burgan (selected pages)

Sterling Point Books: Alexander the Great
by John Gunther (selected pages)

The Conquests of Alexander the Great
by Alison Behnke (selected pages)

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Most Recent Comments   ( See more comments on this page )
alexander is really a great person
Uhm, I have a really major question and I need a reply but I was looking for what types of landforms the Empire had and I couldn't find any results online to help me with it! Are there even really landoforms in Alexander's Empire???

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Biographies in this Series

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Presidents of
the United States
George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe Andrew Jackson
  Martin Van Buren Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower
  John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan Barack Obama Calvin Coolidge
American Patriots Benjamin Franklin Francis Scott Key Deborah Sampson Molly Pitcher
World Leaders Constantine Alexander the Great Winston Churchill Margaret Thatcher
Inventors Alexander Graham Bell Johann Gutenberg Cyrus McCormick The Wright Brothers Henry Ford Thomas A. Edison
  Sequoyah Nikola Tesla Michael Faraday Dean Kamen Jack Kilby Leonardo Da Vinci
  Donald O'Neal
Explorers Christopher Columbus Meriwether Lewis Robert Peary John Muir Matthew Henson Sir Edmund Hillary
  Kit Carson Johnny Appleseed Daniel Boone
Women who made
a difference
Clara Barton Helen Keller Florence Nightingale Joan of Arc Amelia Earhart Annie Oakley
  Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Keckly Harriet Tubman Anne Frank Eleanor Roosevelt Madam C.J. Walker
  Sadako Sasaki Henrietta Lacks Malala Yousafzai      
Scientists George Washington Carver Sir Isaac Newton Marie Curie Louis Pasteur Albert Einstein Galileo
  Lise Meitner Norman Borlaug Benjamin Banneker
Educators Noah Webster Booker T. Washington Aristotle Mary McLeod Bethune
Physicians Hippocrates Walter Reed Albert Schweitzer
Religious Leaders George Muller Increase Mather
Athletes Lou Gehrig Wilma Rudolph Tiger Woods Michael Phelps
Civil Rights
Martin Luther King Rosa Parks Sojourner Truth Frederick Douglass Mary Ann Shadd Cary James Forten
  Gandhi César Chávez William Wilberforce Nelson Mandela
Composers Beethoven Mozart
Authors Laura Ingalls Wilder Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) Ernest Hemingway Greg Mortenson Phillis Wheatley
Artists John James Audubon Gutzon Borglum Ansel Adams Dale Chihuly Van Gogh Michelangelo
  Rembrandt Grandma Moses Cassatt Renoir Cezanne Rockwell


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