Born in 1860 - Died in 1943

George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver was born in Missouri on the Moses Carver plantation. His parents were slaves. His father died right before George was born, then while he was still a baby, slave traders kidnapped him and his mother. Only George was returned to the plantation.

When he was a baby, he had a disease called whooping cough * . It left him sickly and he couldn't do hard work like the other slaves. His chores were cooking and sewing. He loved to work in the garden.

He taught himself to read. His family was so poor, he couldn't afford to buy a pencil, so he made a holder and used a pencil that was only 1/4 inch long.

He wanted to get an education. When he was 12 years old, he left home to attend a black school. There was only one teacher with 75 children in a small room. While other children played at recess, he studied. He studied at home before and after he did his chores. Soon he knew more than his teacher.

George Washington Carver

He wrote to a college to enroll and they accepted him, but when they found out he was black, they told him he couldn't attend.

After five more years, when he was 30 years old, he was accepted at a college in Iowa. He did so well, his teacher helped him to get a transfer * to Iowa State College where he studied
botany * . He learned about plants and farming. He became the best botany student on campus.

He did many things to earn money to pay for his expenses. He sold hominy which he had made, and sometimes he ironed clothes for his classmates. He found an old stove at the city dump and brought it home to cook meals for his friends. He used old wrapping paper for notebooks.

"Don't throw anything away," he would say. "Everything can be used again."

After he graduated, they asked him to teach biology * to the beginning students.

Later he was asked to teach at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama.

Carver at work in his laboratory

Carver started studying diseases which were attacking the farmers' crops. He also did a lot of experimenting to find new ways to use different plants. He made more than 300 products from peanuts. He even made soap and ink from peanuts. From sweet potatoes, he made 118 products, including flour and candy. He made 75 products from pecans and even made a building material for walls from cotton stalks. He had many good ideas!

Later in his life, Thomas Edison offered him $100,000 a year to come and work for him, but he thought he could do more good at Tuskegee.

He made his students work hard, and he insisted they do each experiment right. If they told him they had done something "about right", he would say, "Don't tell me it's 'about right'. If it's 'about right', then it's wrong."

Money, stylish clothes, and fine cars were not important to him. He thought the truly successful person was the one who had learned to serve others.

He was one of the finest scientists the world has ever known.

(Some list Carver's birth year as 1864. His exact birthdate is unknown. We have listed it as 1860 because according to a Missouri 1870 census Carver was 10 years old at the time.)

Photo of Carver in his laboratory courtesy of the United States Department of Agriculture

This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2001.

A frequent question:
"Who wrote this biography
and when was it written?"
Look on this Reference Citations Chart.

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George Washington Carver
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From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

whooping cough
Function: noun
a disease especially of children that is caused by a bacterium
and is marked by severe attacks of coughing often followed by a
shrill gasping intake of breath -- called also pertussis

Pronunciation: tran(t)s-'fər, 'tran(t)s-"fər
Function: verb
to move to a different place, region, or situation;
especially : to withdraw from one school to enroll at another...

Pronunciation: 'baht-ən-e, 'baht-ne
Function: noun
a branch of biology dealing with plant life...

Pronunciation: bI-'ahl-ə-jE
Function: noun
a branch of knowledge that deals with living organisms and life processes...

91405: The Sower Series: George Washington Carver: Man's  Slave Becomes God's Scientist The Sower Series: George Washington Carver: Man's Slave Becomes God's Scientist
By Mott Media, Llc

Born to slave parents, young George was orphaned before he could walk. In his youth he fought poverty and throughout his life he battled prejudice. Yet George Washington Carver emerges as one of history's most remarkable men! How? "The Lord has guided me," Carver was heard often to say. "He has shown me the way, just as He will show everyone who turns to Him." Carver declared, "Without my Savior, I am nothing." With his Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, George Washington Carver was greatly used by God to discover countless numbers of scientific wonders and to lead a life which has inspired millions of Christians everywhere. For ages 9 to 13.

002833: Heroes of History: George Washington Carver Unit Study Curriculum Guide Heroes of History: George Washington Carver Unit Study Curriculum Guide
By Janet & Geoff Benge / Ywam Publishing

This unit study turns great adventure reading into an even greater learning experience. With historical and thematic depth, this Curriculum Guide provides the schoolteacher and homeschooling parent with countless ways to teach and reinforce diverse curriculum areas as they relate to the life of a key historical figure.

Each guide is designed for a wide variety of learning styles, grade levels, and abilities and for both individual and group study. Choose from an array of options to build a meaningful unit study just right for you and your students.

Use with 002833.

002789: Heroes of History: George Washington Carver, From Slave to  Scientist Heroes of History: George Washington Carver, From Slave to Scientist
By Janet & Geoff Benge / Ywam Publishing

Once a kidnapped slave baby, George Washington Carver found freedom in learning everything he could about the world around him. Overcoming poverty and racism, George became a brilliant scientist and a gifted professor who dedicated his expertise to helping black farmers escape the devastating grip of poverty. George's scientific creativity knew no limits. His ingenious experimentation with peanuts and other plants helped rescue the failing Southern economy. Still remembered for his reaching and diverse achievements, Dr. Carver generously shared his talent simply for the reward of helping others.

066862: George Washington Carver Biography FunBook George Washington Carver Biography FunBook
By Carole Marsh & Sherry Moss(Editor) / Gallopade International

Everyone's favorite way to learn about America's bravest citizens! Easy-to-read information, facts, trivia, humor and activities are all included in Biography Funbooks! Discover what inventions of George Washington Carver we still use-and eat-today! Ages 7-12. 14 pages, paperback.


George Washington Carver
by Rackham Holt (public domain, full view)

George Washington Carver, Scientist and Symbol
by Linda O. McMurry (selected pages)

George Washington Carver
by Andy Carter, Carol Saller (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver
by Vicky Franchino (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver
by Martha E. H. Rustad (selected pages) Order here

A Picture Book of George Washington Carver
by David A. Adler (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, A Life of Devotion
by Robin Nelson (selected pages) Order here

A pocketful of goobers: a story about George Washington Carver
by Barbara Mitchell (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, Scientist and Inventor
by Judy Monroe (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver
by Rebecca Gomez (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, The Life of the Great American Agriculturist
by Linda McMurry Edwards (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, Bio Graphics
by Joeming W. Dunn (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, America's Scientist
by Renee Taft Meloche (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, Agriculture Pioneer
by Stephanie Macceca (selected pages) Order here

The Groundbreaking, Chance-Taking Life of George Washington Carver
by Cheryl Harness (selected pages) Order here

Crafts That Celebrate Black History
by Kathy Ross (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver: Scientist, Inventor, and Teacher
by Michael Burgan (selected pages) Order here

George Washington Carver, Super Scientist
by Carole Marsh (selected pages) Order here

Peanutman A Visit from George Washington Carver (Drama)
by Frank Higgins (selected pages) Order here

Preview these Amazon books using the links below.

George Washington Carver, Ingenious Inventor
Online book by Nathan Olson(selected pages)

Great Americans George Washington Carver,
Online book by Barbara Kiely Miller(selected pages)

George Washington Carver,
Online book by Matt Doeden, Tad Butler (selected pages)

George Washington Carver, The Life of the Great American Agriculturist
Online book by Linda McMurry Edwards (selected pages)

George Washington Carver, Teacher, Scientist, and Inventor
Online book by Lori Mortensen, Niamh O'Connor (selected pages)

George Washington Carver,
Online book by Margo McLoone(selected pages)

George Washington Carver, What Do You See?
by Janet Benge, Geoff Benge (selected pages)

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That's good. Real good.
I wish that there was a work cited so i could easily cite this.
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Biographies in this Series

Reference citations information for these biographies

Presidents of
the United States
George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe Andrew Jackson
  Martin Van Buren Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower
  John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan Barack Obama Calvin Coolidge
American Patriots Benjamin Franklin Francis Scott Key Deborah Sampson Molly Pitcher
World Leaders Constantine Alexander the Great Winston Churchill Margaret Thatcher
Inventors Alexander Graham Bell Johann Gutenberg Cyrus McCormick The Wright Brothers Henry Ford Thomas A. Edison
  Sequoyah Nikola Tesla Michael Faraday Dean Kamen Jack Kilby Leonardo Da Vinci
  Donald O'Neal
Explorers Christopher Columbus Meriwether Lewis Robert Peary John Muir Matthew Henson Sir Edmund Hillary
  Kit Carson Johnny Appleseed Daniel Boone
Women who made
a difference
Clara Barton Helen Keller Florence Nightingale Joan of Arc Amelia Earhart Annie Oakley
  Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Keckly Harriet Tubman Anne Frank Eleanor Roosevelt Madam C.J. Walker
  Sadako Sasaki Henrietta Lacks Malala Yousafzai      
Scientists George Washington Carver Sir Isaac Newton Marie Curie Louis Pasteur Albert Einstein Galileo
  Lise Meitner Norman Borlaug Benjamin Banneker
Educators Noah Webster Booker T. Washington Aristotle Mary McLeod Bethune
Physicians Hippocrates Walter Reed Albert Schweitzer
Religious Leaders George Muller Increase Mather
Athletes Lou Gehrig Wilma Rudolph Tiger Woods Michael Phelps
Civil Rights
Martin Luther King Rosa Parks Sojourner Truth Frederick Douglass Mary Ann Shadd Cary James Forten
  Gandhi César Chávez William Wilberforce Nelson Mandela
Composers Beethoven Mozart
Authors Laura Ingalls Wilder Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) Ernest Hemingway Greg Mortenson Phillis Wheatley
Artists John James Audubon Gutzon Borglum Ansel Adams Dale Chihuly Van Gogh Michelangelo
  Rembrandt Grandma Moses Cassatt Renoir Cezanne Rockwell


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*Word Match Solution