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Christopher Columbus

Born in 1451 - Died in 1506


Christopher Columbus<BR>
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa (JEN oh uh), Italy. He was the oldest of five children in his family. His father was a wool weaver. He helped his father with the weaving, but he always wanted to sail the seas.

He didn't get to go to school very much, but he learned to read and write Spanish during his travels. He also taught himself Latin because all the geography books were written in Latin.

Some people thought he was trying to prove the world was round, but this is not true. Most people already knew the earth was round. He wanted to find a short way to get to the Indies by ship.

He was a Christian and wanted to tell the story of Christ to the people he would find in the far-away lands. He also wanted wealth for himself and for Spain, and he wanted to be famous.

He tried for eight years to get King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to supply him with ships and money. Finally they agreed, but he made more demands.

He wanted to be made a knight,* admiral* of the Ocean Sea. He wanted to be the viceroy* and governor* general* of all lands he would discover. Also he wanted one-tenth of everything he found of value in the new lands.

He even boldly told them he wanted all of this in writing. This was rather brave of him because they could have had him killed because of his demands.

They finally agreed and he got three ships ready to sail;
the Santa Maria and two smaller ships, the Pinta and the Nina. He took enough food for a year. In four months he was ready to sail.

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They left Spain on August 3, 1492. They made one stop, then sailed on toward the west. After many days, the sailors were ready to turn around and start back home.

"Just three more days," he said. "Then if we don't see land, we'll turn around and go back home."

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Two days later they saw land; an island Columbus named San Salvador. He thought he had found the Indies and called the people he saw there "Indians".

When they got to Cuba, he thought he was in China. The world was a lot larger than he thought.

On Christmas Eve, the Santa Maria was wrecked near Haiti. Columbus built a fort and left 40 men to hunt for gold. Then he returned to Spain on the Nina. The Pinta also returned. The people of Spain welcomed him as a hero.

He made three more voyages across the ocean. His 13-year-old son, Ferdinand went with him on the fourth voyage.

Columbus did not become rich as he had hoped. At the end of his life he only had a pension the king and queen had given him because he was the first to reach the New World. He spent the last few months of his life in bed because of the pain of arthritis.

Columbus not only discovered a New World, but he led the way for other explorers.

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This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2001.

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Dictionary

From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

knight
Pronunciation: 'nIt
Function: noun
1 a : a warrior of olden times who fought on horseback,
served a king, held a special military rank, and swore to behave in a noble way
b : a man honored by a sovereign for merit and in Great Britain ranking below a baronet...

admiral
Pronunciation: 'ad-mə-rəl, -mrəl
Function: noun
1 : a naval commissioned officer with a rank above that of captain;
especially : an officer with a rank just above that of vice admiral...

viceroy
Pronunciation: 'vIs-"roi
Function: noun
1 : the governor of a country or province who represents the sovereign...

governor
Pronunciation: 'gəv(-ə)-nər also 'gəv-ər-nər
Function: noun
: one that governs; especially : an official elected or appointed to act as ruler,
chief executive, or head of a political unit (as a colony, state, or province)...

general
Pronunciation: 'jen-(ə-)rəl
Function: noun
: a military officer with a rank above that of a colonel; especially :
an officer with the rank just above that of a lieutenant general...


Research Links

Christopher Columbus
at Bio 4 Kids

Columbus Navigation Homepage

Christopher Columbus Video
click on the link under "Interactive Media Files",
when the picture appears, right click anywhere on the page and select "Play".
The presentation will start. Be sure the volume is turned up.

The Round Earth and Christopher Columbus

Eye Witness to History
written accounts

Information about Columbus
(Look in the box top left) at Humanities Web

Columbus
story and quiz with cartoon pictures

A Story About Columbus
The Lincoln Readers Book 4

Columbus, Fact vs Fiction
explores the two sides of Columbus
(You can also view the PDF version.)

Christopher Columbus
at BBC

Christopher Columbus
at Wikipedia

Famous Explorers Lesson Plan
Lesson Snips.com
(You must register to access lessons.)

Columbus Day Coloring Pages

Christopher Columbus
from Hero History

The Round Earth (audio)
Discovering America (audio)
Amerigo Vespucci (audio)
Amerigo Vespucci (audio)
Engines of Our Ingenuity.

Columbus Day Powerpoint

Christopher Columbus
Catholic Encyclopedia

At biography.com search for Christopher Columbus.
Scroll the panel for the "Video & Audio Results".
(There is short ad before the video presentation.)


Videos



Books
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Library

A LIBRARY OF
ONLINE BOOKS and BOOK PREVIEWS


Order the following books from Amazon.

Discovering Christopher Columbus: how history is invented
by Kathy Pelta (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus
by Peggy Pancella (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus, Explorer of the New World
by Robin Santos Doak (selected pages) Order here

If You Were There in 1492: Everyday Life in the Time of Columbus
by Barbara Brenner (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus: To the New World
by James Lincoln Collier (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus: the life of a master navigator and explorer (Graphic Nonfiction)
by David West, Jackie Gaff (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus: master Italian navigator in the Court of Spain
by Martha Kneib (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus
by Mervyn D. Kaufman (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus
by Kristin Petrie (selected pages) Order here

Pedro's journal: a voyage with Christopher Columbus (Fiction)
by Pam Conrad (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus: A Primary Source Biography
by Lynn Hoogenboom (selected pages) Order here

Animals Christopher Columbus Saw: An Adventure in the New World
by Sandra Markle (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus, Across the Ocean Sea
by Janet Benge, Geoff Benge (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus and the Voyage of 1492 (Graphic)
by Dan Abnett (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus
by Wendy Conklin (selected pages) Order here

Christopher Columbus: The Voyage That Changed the World
by Emma Carlson Berne (selected pages) Order here

The Life of Christopher Columbus from his own letters and journals
by Edward Everett Hale (full view ) Order here

The True Story of Christopher Columbus
by Elbridge Brooks for youngest readers
(choose HTML version 180KB) (public domain, 1892, full view) Order here

Christopher Columbus and The New World of His Discovery
online book by Filson Young
HTML version (950KB) has color illustrations.

A Picture Book of Christopher Columbus
book by Alexandra Wallner, John C. Wallner (selected pages)

Admiral of the Ocean Sea - A Life of Christopher Columbus
by Samuel Eliot Morison (selected pages)

Christopher Columbus: Famous Explorer
by Mary Dodson Wade, Rod Whigham, Charles Barnett, III (selected pages)

Christopher Columbus
book by Lola M. Schaefer (selected pages)

Christopher Columbus and the Voyage of 1492
by Dan Abnett (selected pages)

Christopher Columbus, History Maker Bios
by Susan Bivin Aller (selected pages)

Credits and Solutions

Images courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

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Puzzles on these pages courtesy of
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* Word Match Solution

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2014-06-01
WONDERFUL info. I was ignorant of the contents; but I certainly do appreciate this article.
Bill Roberson
2012-05-14
I am loving this website! i have a question though its a teaser=)
how many men did he sail with??
2012-05-14
fantastic!!!!! i was looking for so many websites and this one hit the spot truly fabulous
2012-03-15
this is a good website
2012-02-29
My school blocks youtube but the information has truely helped my friends and i do our project
Kristen
2011-11-29
thanks really much, this helped a lot form my project.
nick, from bulgaria
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