Father of Medicine
Born in 460 B.C. - Died in 377 B.C.


Hippocrates (hih POK ruh teez) lived 400 years before the birth of Christ. He is known as the father of medicine because many of the things he discovered are still practiced today.

During the time when Hippocrates lived, people were very superstitious. * They believed there were four fluids in the body which matched four elements; earth, air, fire and water. They would carry sick people to the temple because they thought the god of medicine, Aesculapius (es kyoo LAY pe us) could heal them. They would say magic words over the patient to try and heal them.

Hippocrates taught that diseases came from natural causes. He had observed many patients and carefully recorded their symptoms and the way their illnesses developed. He would look at the color of the skin, and how the eyes looked. He would look for fevers and chills. He described many illnesses including
pneumonia, * tetanus, * tuberculosis, * arthritis, * mumps, *
and malaria * .

He told his students to carefully observe their patients and to learn from the things they had observed. He said the human body could heal itself and could return itself to good health. The patient was given something to relieve pain, but nothing else was done.

He told his patients they should eat a moderate amount of food; not too much and not too little. A moderate amount of exercise was recommended. Patients were encouraged to walk for exercise.

Ancient Greek surgical instruments

Doctors were told to make sure their hands were clean before they treated patients. He said the operating room should be well lighted and look cheerful. He thought patients in good spirits would heal faster.

Physicians should be men of honor, according to Hippocrates. He encouraged them to work as hard as possible for the good of the sick.

The Hippocratic (hip uh CRAT ick) Oath was named for him. It included rules of conducts for doctors and even today doctors still honor a form of the oath.

This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2001.

A frequent question:
"Who wrote this biography
and when was it written?"
Look on this Reference Citations Chart.

Work a Jigsaw Puzzle

Online Crossword Puzzle

Online Word Search

Online Word Scramble

Color Picture Online

Take the Test Online

Online Jeopardy

Online Biography "Who Am I?"


Alphabetical Order

Hippocrates Word Search

Hippocrates Crossword Puzzle

Hippocrates - Word Scramble

Hippocrates - Word Match *

Hippocrates Study Sheet


Color a picture of Hippocrates

Print Hippocrates Test


Ancient Greek Medicine

Works by Hippocrates
The Internet Classics Archive

Digital Hippocrates
A collection of Ancient Medical texts.

Medicine in Ancient Greece
from Indiana University

Hippocrates (audio)
The Hippocratic Oath (audio)
Engines of Our Ingenuity.

Medical History of the Presidents of the United States

"Fathers of Biology"
online book by Charles McRae

From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

superstitious, influenced by superstition
Pronunciation: "soo-pər-'stish-ən
Function: noun
a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, or trust in magic....

Pronunciation: n(y)u-'mO-nyə
Function: noun
: a disease of the lungs marked by inflammation
and congestion and caused by infection or irritants

Pronunciation: 'tet-ə-nəs
Function: noun
a dangerous infectious disease marked by stiffness and spasms of the muscles
with locking of the jaws and caused by a poison made by a bacterium
that usually enters the body through a wound....

Pronunciation: t(y)u-"bər-kyə-'lO-səs
Function: noun
: a disease of human beings and some other vertebrates
caused by a bacterium and usually marked by wasting, fever, and formation of cheesy tubercles
that in human beings occur mostly in the lungs

Pronunciation: ahr-'thrIt-əs
Function: noun
: inflammation of the joints

Pronunciation: 'məm(p)s
Function: noun singular or plural
: a contagious disease caused by a virus and marked by fever
and by swelling especially of salivary glands

Pronunciation: mə-'ler-E-ə
Function: noun
: a disease caused by protozoan parasites in the red blood cells,
passed from one individual to another by the bite of mosquitoes,
and marked by periodic attacks of chills and fever

51248: Exploring the History of Medicine Exploring the History of Medicine
By John Hudson Tiner / New Leaf Press (master Books)

Innovative surgeries, plague-stopping vaccines, revolutionary antibiotics, and "miracle drugs" . . . Throughout human history---by God's grace---medicine has improved by leaps and bounds. Loaded with facts, mini-biographies, and historical illustrations, this fascinating resource helps students aged 8 to 12 gain a biblical perspective on the history of healing, from ancient times until today. Includes chapter tests and index. 161 pages, softcover from Master Books.

937752: Galen and the Gateway to Medicine Galen and the Gateway to Medicine
By Jeanne Bendick / Bethlehem Books

Gladiator medic, bold traveler, and personal physician to emperors, Galen lived an adventurous life in 2nd-century Rome---and became the greatest doctor in history! Weaving compelling biography with a fascinating account of ancient medicine and culture, Bendick introduces your kids to the surgeon and scientist who would become the standard medical authority for 1,300 years. Ages 10 and up. 131 pages, softcover from Bethlehem Books.


Fathers of Biology
by Charles McRae (public domain, full view)

Great Scientists and Discoveries
by Ron Shaw (selected pages) Order here

Preview the Amazon books using the links below.

Hippocrates, Making the Way for Medicine
by Connie Jankowski (selected pages)

Lexi and Hippocrates
fiction by Marian Keen (selected pages)

You do not need permission to use the picture on this page. It is in the public domain.

Page Comments

Most Recent Comments   ( See more comments on this page )
Thank you so much for making most worksheets just one page-- a great paper saver! Thank you for making these accessible to us!
this is a great website and its right at your fingertip's when you need it
mississippi homeschooler
Thanks! This was helpful!
Amelia Pond
Great website! Good information, and education tools. I found this site by accident, but glad that I did! Thank you for maintaining this site.
Texas Home Schooler
thank you for information
This site is very informative and helpful. Thank you.

Leave a Comment       View all Comments

Biographies in this Series

Reference citations information for these biographies

Presidents of
the United States
George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe Andrew Jackson
  Martin Van Buren Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower
  John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan Barack Obama Calvin Coolidge
American Patriots Benjamin Franklin Francis Scott Key Deborah Sampson Molly Pitcher
World Leaders Constantine Alexander the Great Winston Churchill Margaret Thatcher
Inventors Alexander Graham Bell Johann Gutenberg Cyrus McCormick The Wright Brothers Henry Ford Thomas A. Edison
  Sequoyah Nikola Tesla Michael Faraday Dean Kamen Jack Kilby Leonardo Da Vinci
  Donald O'Neal
Explorers Christopher Columbus Meriwether Lewis Robert Peary John Muir Matthew Henson Sir Edmund Hillary
  Kit Carson Johnny Appleseed Daniel Boone
Women who made
a difference
Clara Barton Helen Keller Florence Nightingale Joan of Arc Amelia Earhart Annie Oakley
  Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Keckly Harriet Tubman Anne Frank Eleanor Roosevelt Madam C.J. Walker
  Sadako Sasaki Henrietta Lacks Malala Yousafzai      
Scientists George Washington Carver Sir Isaac Newton Marie Curie Louis Pasteur Albert Einstein Galileo
  Lise Meitner Norman Borlaug Benjamin Banneker
Educators Noah Webster Booker T. Washington Aristotle Mary McLeod Bethune
Physicians Hippocrates Walter Reed Albert Schweitzer
Religious Leaders George Muller Increase Mather
Athletes Lou Gehrig Wilma Rudolph Tiger Woods Michael Phelps
Civil Rights
Martin Luther King Rosa Parks Sojourner Truth Frederick Douglass Mary Ann Shadd Cary James Forten
  Gandhi César Chávez William Wilberforce Nelson Mandela
Composers Beethoven Mozart
Authors Laura Ingalls Wilder Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) Ernest Hemingway Greg Mortenson Phillis Wheatley
Artists John James Audubon Gutzon Borglum Ansel Adams Dale Chihuly Van Gogh Michelangelo
  Rembrandt Grandma Moses Cassatt Renoir Cezanne Rockwell


Back to Famous Leaders

Picture courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Puzzles on these pages courtesy of
Songs of Praise and Armored Penguin

*Word Match Solution