Father of Medicine
Hippocrates (hih POK ruh teez) lived 400 years before the birth of Christ. He is known as the father of medicine because many of the things he discovered are still practiced today.
During the time when Hippocrates lived, people were very superstitious. * They believed there were four fluids in the body which matched four elements; earth, air, fire and water. They would carry sick people to the temple because they thought the god of medicine, Aesculapius (es kyoo LAY pe us) could heal them. They would say magic words over the patient to try and heal them.
Hippocrates taught that diseases came from natural causes. He had observed many patients and carefully recorded their symptoms and the way their illnesses developed. He would look at the color of the skin, and how the eyes looked. He would look for fevers and chills. He described many illnesses including
pneumonia, * tetanus, * tuberculosis, * arthritis, * mumps, *
and malaria * .
He told his students to carefully observe their patients and to learn from the things they had observed. He said the human body could heal itself and could return itself to good health. The patient was given something to relieve pain, but nothing else was done.
He told his patients they should eat a moderate amount of food; not too much and not too little. A moderate amount of exercise was recommended. Patients were encouraged to walk for exercise.
Ancient Greek surgical instruments
Physicians should be men of honor, according to Hippocrates. He encouraged them to work as hard as possible for the good of the sick.
The Hippocratic (hip uh CRAT ick) Oath was named for him. It included rules of conducts for doctors and even today doctors still honor a form of the oath.
This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2001.
A frequent question:
"Who wrote this biography and when was it written?"
Look on this Reference Citations Chart.
Ancient Greek Medicine
Works by Hippocrates
The Internet Classics Archive
A collection of Ancient Medical texts.
Medicine in Ancient Greece
from Indiana University
The Hippocratic Oath (audio)
Engines of Our Ingenuity.
Medical History of the Presidents of the United States
"Fathers of Biology"
online book by Charles McRae
From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster
(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)
superstitious, influenced by superstition
a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, or trust in magic....
: a disease of the lungs marked by inflammation
and congestion and caused by infection or irritants
a dangerous infectious disease marked by stiffness and spasms of the muscles
with locking of the jaws and caused by a poison made by a bacterium
that usually enters the body through a wound....
: a disease of human beings and some other vertebrates
caused by a bacterium and usually marked by wasting, fever, and formation of cheesy tubercles
that in human beings occur mostly in the lungs
: inflammation of the joints
Function: noun singular or plural
: a contagious disease caused by a virus and marked by fever
and by swelling especially of salivary glands
: a disease caused by protozoan parasites in the red blood cells,
passed from one individual to another by the bite of mosquitoes,
and marked by periodic attacks of chills and fever
Exploring the History of Medicine
By John Hudson Tiner / New Leaf Press (master Books)
Innovative surgeries, plague-stopping vaccines, revolutionary antibiotics, and "miracle drugs" . . . Throughout human history---by God's grace---medicine has improved by leaps and bounds. Loaded with facts, mini-biographies, and historical illustrations, this fascinating resource helps students aged 8 to 12 gain a biblical perspective on the history of healing, from ancient times until today. Includes chapter tests and index. 161 pages, softcover from Master Books.
Galen and the Gateway to Medicine
By Jeanne Bendick / Bethlehem Books
Gladiator medic, bold traveler, and personal physician to emperors, Galen lived an adventurous life in 2nd-century Rome---and became the greatest doctor in history! Weaving compelling biography with a fascinating account of ancient medicine and culture, Bendick introduces your kids to the surgeon and scientist who would become the standard medical authority for 1,300 years. Ages 10 and up. 131 pages, softcover from Bethlehem Books.
A LIBRARY OF
ONLINE BOOKS and BOOK PREVIEWS
Fathers of Biology
by Charles McRae (public domain, full view)
Great Scientists and Discoveries
by Ron Shaw (selected pages) Order here
Preview the Amazon books using the links below.
Hippocrates, Making the Way for Medicine
by Connie Jankowski (selected pages)
Lexi and Hippocrates
fiction by Marian Keen (selected pages)
You do not need permission to use the picture on this page. It is in the public domain.
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*Word Match Solution