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Joan of Arc

Born in 1412 - Died in 1431


Joan of Arc<BR>
Joan of Arc had a great faith in God. She believed she had been chosen to lead the army of France in battles with England. She carried a banner onto the battlefield, but no weapon. She didn't want to hurt anyone. The English soldiers were afraid of her because they felt she had supernatural* power.

Her father wanted her to get married, but she said she wanted to follow God's calling. She didn't want to marry - and she didn't.

During the battle at Orleans, she was struck by an arrow. She pulled the arrow out and continued to lead.

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Joan at the coronation of Charles VII
by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1854)

News of her courage began to be told, and sometimes people would just give up rather than face her in battle.

She dressed in men's clothing and cut her hair short so she would not be recognized on the open roads.

Once, when she was imprisoned, she threw herself out of a prison tower. She fell 70 feet to the ground, but she didn't die. They put her back in prison and then in a few months she was put on trial. They said she was guilty of witchcraft* and of wearing men's clothes.

She died as a martyr.* She was burned to death.

Later there was another trial and they said she was not guilty, but that she was innocent.* She has even been declared a saint* by the Roman Catholic church.

There is disagreement about her education. Some people say she never did learn to read nor write, but you can look at copies of letters that others say were written by her.

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This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2001.

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Dictionary

From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster

(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)

supernatural
Pronunciation: soo-pər-'nach-(ə-)rəl
Function: adjective
: of or relating to an order of existence beyond the visible observable universe; especially : of or relating to God or a spirit....

witchcraft, sorcery
Pronunciation: 'sors-(ə-)'rE
Function: noun
: the use of powers gotten with the help of or by the control of evil spirits...

martyr
Pronunciation: 'mahrt-ər
Function: noun
1 : a person who suffers death rather than give up his or her religion
2 : one who sacrifices life or something of great value for a principle or cause
3 : a person who suffers greatly...

innocent
Pronunciation: 'in-ə-sənt
Function: adjective
1 : free from sin : PURE 2 : free from guilt or blame : GUILTLESS innocent of the crime...

saint
Pronunciation: 'sAnt
Function: noun
1 : a holy and godly person; especially : one who is declared to be worthy of special honor
2 : a person who is very good especially about helping others...

disagreement
Pronunciation: dis-ə-'grE-mənt
Function: noun
1 : the act of disagreeing
2 a : the state of being different b : a difference of opinion...


Research Links

Saint Joan of Arc Center

Joan of Arc Museum
Rouen - France.

Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc by Mark Twain
from Wikipedia

Text of Mark Twain's Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc
from "300 Women Who Changed the World"

The Trial of Joan of Arc, 1431
from Fordham University

At biography.com search for Joan of Arc.
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Saint Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc)
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Library

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Order the following books from Amazon.

The Life and Death of Joan the Maid
from The Red True Story Book by Andrew Land (public domain, 1895, full view)

"Joan of Arc"
by Ronald Sutherland Gower (public domain, 1893, full view)

"The Life of Joan of Arc"
by Anatole France (public domain, 1909, full view)

Beyond the Myth: The Story of Joan of Arc
by Polly Schoyer Brooks (selected pages)

Joan of Arc
by Diane Stanley (selected pages)

Maid of Heaven: Joan of Arc
by Ben D. Kennedy (selected pages)

Joan of Arc: The Lily Maid
by Margaret Hodges (selected pages)

Joan of Arc, Warrior Saint
by Jay Williams (selected pages)

Credits and Solutions

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Page Comments
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2012-10-09
awsome
7
2012-07-21
Joan in my eyes was the peak of what a woman could be. Women in this day and age think they are independent.. look at joan she did it 500+ years ago not only was she independent she was a great leader as well. I have much respect for her and what she did. May she and her deeds always be remembered.
Julian
2012-03-15
I never realised how awesome Joan of Arc was! I definatley want to have Joan for my confirmation name!
Georgia!
2012-02-06
Joan of Arc is actually a saint! I just learned that, and I'm using her for my Confirmation name. She is such an incredible woman!!
Catherine
2011-12-02
Hi I'm doing history fair this year and I am having a great time on this site. Doesn't Joan of Arc ROCK!!!
2011-03-04
I had to do a report on joan of arc.this site helped me to relize how amazing and inspiring she acually was!!!!!!
Elizabeth
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