FRANCIS SCOTT KEY
In 1813 the commander of Ft. McHenry asked for a flag so big that "the British have no trouble seeing it from a distance." He asked Mary Young Pickersgill to make the flag for him. Her thirteen year old daughter Caroline helped her. She used 400 yards of fine wool. They cut 15 stars that were two feet across. There were
8 red and 7 white stripes. The stripes were each two feet wide. When it was finished it measured 30 by 42 feet and cost $405.90.
During this time Francis Scott Key was a lawyer in Georgetown, just a few miles from Washington D.C. He and his wife Mary had 6 sons and 5 daughters.
In 1814, the British captured Washington and set the Capitol on fire. President James Madison and his wife Dolley had to leave the White House and run to a safer place.
After this attack, the Americans knew that Baltimore would be attacked next. The British had captured Mr. Key's friend. His name was William Beanes and he was a doctor. Key and another man set out to try to save Dr. Beanes' life. They told the British the doctor had helped to save British soldiers who had been wounded. They agreed to free him, but they wouldn't let them leave because the three men had overheard the British making plans to attack. So they were placed under guard on a British ship.
It was from this ship Francis Scott Key watched the bombing of Ft. McHenry. There was a lot of smoke and haze, but when daylight came, he could see the flag was still waving.
Larger viewOriginal at Library of Congress
He was so inspired he began to write a poem on the back of a letter he had in his pocket. He later finished the poem and showed it to his brother-in-law who took it to a printer and had copies made of it. Two of these copies survive today.
Newspapers started printing it and people began singing it to a familiar tune.
The Star Spangled Banner was adopted as our national anthem on March 3, 1931.
The flag which flew over Ft. McHenry is now at the Smithsonian in the Museum of American History. The flag is very fragile and they keep a curtain in front of it to protect it from the light and dust. They show the flag for a few moments once every hour when the museum is open to the public.
This biography by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher, was written in 2001.
A frequent question:
"Who wrote this biography and when was it written?"
Look on this Reference Citations Chart.
The flag that Francis Scott Key saw at Fort McHenry.
Francis Scott Key Powerpoint
Fort McHenry National Monument
The Star Spangled Banner
the text as originally written and changes to it
The Star Spangled Banner
words and free sheet music
Francis Scott Key
Silver Burdett Making Music
Poems of Francis Scott Key
From Word Central's Student Dictionary
by Merriam - Webster
(Pronunciation note: the schwa sound is shown by ə)
Pronunciation: 'kap-ət-əl, 'kap-təl
: the building in which a state legislature meets...
...: to cause to have a particular thought or feeling
(a childhood that inspired her with a desire for education) ...
1 : a sacred composition with words usually from the Scriptures
2 : a song of praise or gladness
Pronunciation: 'fraj-əl, -"Il
: easily broken or destroyed : delicate...
Francis Scott Key, Sower Series
By Mott Media, LLC
Most of us know that Francis Scott Key wrote the words to the Star Spangled Banner while being held prisoner aboard a ship on the Chesapeake Bay during the War of 1812. But there was much more to this man than the words to one song. As a child, Francis learned the Bible. He grew to manhood with a strong Christian faith guiding his actions and thoughts. The life of Francis Scott Key was lived in service to God. He sowed seeds of faith to his family and friends all his life. The beauty of his words and the example of his Christian life allow us to appreciate him today. For ages 9 to 13.
Betsy Zane: The Rose Of Fort Henry
By Durrant / Houghton-mifflin
Philadelphia in 1781 is bustling and thick with wartime intrigue, but thirteen-year-old Betsy Zane is bored: tired of her great-aunt's stories about the old days, and tired of living in a hot, dirty city. She'd rather be riding her horse, the Merry May, along the Ohio River she remembers from childhood, galloping faster that the wind. When great-aunt Elizabeth dies, Betsy makes her way to her brother's homestead In the western wilderness. But the freedom she expected to find on the frontier is not as easily come by as she had hoped. Just Like her great-aunt before them, Betsy's brothers, the military authorities, and even the charming young lieutenant who comes courting--all have strong opinions about how a young lady should behave. Based on the life of the real Betsy Zane, including her historic run for gunpowder, which turned the tide in the final battle of the Revolutionary War, this novel offers a compelling portrait of a young woman and of a new nation, both on the very brink of independence.
A LIBRARY OF
ONLINE BOOKS and BOOK PREVIEWS
Francis Scott Key, Patriotic Poet
by Susan R. Gregson (selected pages) Order here
The Star Spangled Banner
by Debbie L. Yanuck (selected pages) Order here
The Flag Maker
by Susan Campbell Bartoletti, Claire A. Nivola (selected pages) Order here
Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington D.C. Volume 12 - Francis Scott Key
Keep on sewing, Betsy Ross!: a fun song about the first American flag
by Michael Dahl, Order here
Preview these Amazon books using the links below.
O Say Can You See
by Francis Scott Key, Star Spangled Baby Ltd (picture book, no preview)
Francis Scott Key and "The Star Spangled Banner"
by Lynea Bowdish, Harry Burman (no preview)
The Star Spangled Banner, On My Own History
by Catherine A. Welch, Carrie H. Warwick (selected pages)
The Star Spangled Banner
by Debra Hess (selected pages)
The Star Spangled Banner, Graphic Library
by Ryan Jacobson (selected pages)
The Writing of "The Star Spangled Banner"
by Sabrina Crewe, Scott Ingram (selected pages)
The Star Spangled Banner in Translation: What It Really Means
by Elizabeth Raum, Holt Merchant (selected pages)
Most Recent Comments ( See more comments on this page ) 2012-03-21
More info on his personal life please
dont make the page so long if there is barely any info.
Who was the author of this page?
You can find the information here: http://gardenofpraise.com/biographydates.htm
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