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Pieter de Hooch



Pieter de Hooch<BR> (detail)

Pieter De Hooch (duh HOKE) was a Dutch painter born in Rotterdam. His father was a bricklayer and there were five children in his family.

When Pieter was 24 he began working for a rich merchant. He was a servant to Justus de la Grange, but was also a painter. He married a girl from Delft, the daughter of a pottery maker. Some sources say they had a large family, others say they had two children, a son Pieter and a daughter Anna.

Some of his early paintings were scenes of soldiers and taverns. He is noted for his courtyard scenes. After he had a family, he began to paint pictures of families and scenes inside homes.

Holland Family

Soldiers Playing Cards (detail)

Woman Weighing Gold

De Hooch and Vermeer were both working in Delft at the same time and their works had similar characteristics.

He liked to paint pictures that showed a lot of light in them. In the painting, Woman Peeling Apples, the sunlight is streaming through the window on the right side of the picture. It is a bright sunny day. Sometimes the light comes from another source as the next pictures in which the windows are on the left. You can observe elaborate tile floors in several of his works.

Woman Peeling Apples

In many of his pictures you can see into other rooms, or you can see what is outside. Mother at the Cradle gives us a peek into the next room where the little girl is about to go outside. Notice the Dutch door which is made in two parts. The lower part can be closed and the top half will still be open. In this scene both the top and bottom portions of the door are ajar.

Mother at the Cradle (detail)

A Musical Conversation gives us a view of the street outside and people walking down the street. The man is playing an instrument called a cittern. What is the woman playing?

A Musical Conversation (detail)

The only large picture de Hooch ever painted was destroyed in a fire in Rotterdam in 1864.

He was devasted by the death of his wife in 1667. Toward the end of his life his paintings became darker in color, possibly reflecting his mood. He died in 1684 at the age of 55 in an insane asylum in Amsterdam.

This biography was written by Patsy Stevens, a retired teacher.


Gerlings, Charlotte. 100 Great Artists, New York: Gramercy Books, 2006.

Hammacher, A.M., and R. Hammacher Vandenbrande. Flemish and Dutch Art. New York: Franklin Watt, Inc, 1965.

De Puy, William Harrison. Encyclopedia Britannica Chicago: The Werner Company, 1893
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Research Links

Biography of de Hooch

Paintings by De Hooch
Web Gallery of Art
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Paintings by de Hooch
at the National Gallery of Art

De Hooch Paintings at Wikimedia

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Order the following books from Amazon.

Old Dutch and Flemish Masters
by John C. van Dyck (selected pages) Order

The Figure Painters of Holland, Pieter de Hooch
by Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower 1880(full view) Order

The figure painters of Holland
by Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower 1880 (full view)

The Hudson-Fulton celebration: Catalogue of an exhibition
by Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.) 1909 (full view)

Great masters of Dutch and Flemish painting
by Wilhelm von Bode 1909 (full view)

Dutch & Flemish paintings: the collection of Willem Baron van Dedem
by Peter C. Sutton (selected pages)

Baroque & Rococo
by Marco Bussagli, Mattia Reiche (selected pages)

Old Dutch and Flemish masters
by Timothy Cole, John Charles Van Dyke 1901 (full view)

Credits and Solutions

Songs of Praise and Armored Penguin

Picture courtesy of The Artchive Patron Program

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I was happy to find out about Pieter de Hooch, having come across his name while reading Proust
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