We can raise and lower pitches by putting a sign in front of the note, or by putting sharps or flats in the key signature which appears at the beginning of each music staff.

A sharp raises a note by one-half step (the very next key to the right). The raised note may be a black key, or it may be a white key, but the sharp will be to the right of the original pitch. In this lesson all sharps will be on the black keys.

A flat lowers a note by one-half step (the very next key to the left). It may be a black or a white key, but in this lesson all flats will be black keys.

A natural restores the note to its original pitch without the sharp or flat.

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Sharps, Flats, and Naturals

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Most Recent Comments ( See more comments on this page )
at least i learn something in music.
thanks for the lessons, i really appreciate them. But do u pls know how i can win a free keyboard or get a very good one at a very low price.
Try the pawn shops around town. You might be able to pick up a good used one at a reduced price.

hello i was wondering if you could help me find the music for "dreaming with a broken heart" by john mayer one that is free and printable. for a keyboard, it has 36 white keys and 25 black keys
Go to Google search engine and put in "dreaming with a broken heart piano sheet music" and you will find several links.

nice .
khim reboja
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Keyboard and Music Theory

The Keyboard
Stepping Up
Stepping Down
Stepping Up to G
Stepping Down to F
Treble Spaces
Treble Lines
Bass Spaces
Bass Lines
Time Signatures
Sharps and Flats
Up and Down the Hills
Major Scales
Building a Major Chord
Chords and Inversions
The V7 Chord
Chord Progressions
Adding Harmony

Free sheet music